Table 5

Maternal complications of early preterm prelabour rupture of membranes

Maternal outcomesSepsisSurgery for removal of placenta
No (%) (95% CI)P valueNo (%) (95% CI)P value
Whole cohort (n=364)50 (14) (11 to 18)71 (20) (16 to 24)
Singleton pregnancies:
 All (n=326)39 (12) (9 to 16)65 (20) (16 to 25)
 Termination for medical reasons with no expectant management (n=62)6 (10) (5 to 20)0.548 (13) (7 to 23)0.12
 All with initial expectant management (n=264)33 (13) (9 to 17)57 (22) (17 to 27)
 Termination for medical reasons after expectant management (n=41)13 (32) (20 to 47)6 (15) (7 to 28)
 Expectant management throughout pregnancy (n=223)20 (9) (6 to 13)51 (23) (18 to 29)
Multiple pregnancies:
 All (n=38)11 (29) (17 to 45)0.004*6 (16) (7 to 30)0.54*
 Termination for medical reasons after expectant management (n=10)†6 (60) (31 to 83)3 (30) (11 to 60)
 Expectant management throughout pregnancy (n=26)5 (19) (8 to 36)3 (12) (4 to 27)
  • Data are number (%) (95% confidence interval (CI)).

  • *Compared with all singleton pregnancies.

  • †Only two women with multiple pregnancies opted for termination of pregnancy for medical reasons without expectant management (details not shown because of small sample size).